We live in a world inhabited besides us – people, practically countless number of living beings, a huge part of which we do not see in ordinary life, and we know something about which thanks to such outstanding scientists as the Frenchman Louis Pasteur, who proved the theory of finding bacteria in the air aro
und us, and the Englishman Joseph Lister, the founder of antiseptics, a surgeon who first proposed a way to fight infection in a wound in 1867. And of course, the role of a technological breakthrough in the form of the invention of the microscope is great. This gave impetus to the development of microbiology, surgery, asepsis and antiseptics, hygiene and epidemiology, and reduced the incidence of complications of wound infection and mortality from it.
However, nature itself took care of man, helping him to resist disease-causing microbes, these little “harmful creatures” in the form of the presence of immunity, the ability to resist infection and foreign agents.
Getting into the wound, microorganisms experience a terrible attack of all components of the immune system. This is manifested in the reaction of inflammation, and only if the body cannot cope with the infection that has got it, it progresses, suppuration develops (abscess, phlegmon), and sometimes the infection spreads outside the focus of inflammation in the form of sepsis.
In order for the immunity to cope with the task at hand, it needs a little help, namely, to reduce the number of “enemies” caught in the wound, acting on them with substances capable of destroying them, or preventing their growth and reproduction – with antiseptics. The arsenal of the latter is now quite large and well known (hydrogen peroxide, alcohol solutions of iodine, brilliant green, Fukarcin, Dioxidin, Chlorhexidine, Miramistin). If the wound requires the attention of a doctor, it is better not to use dye formulations before visiting him, so as not to complicate the examination of the damage.
In order for new vanguards of microbes not to break through our defenses, do not neglect such a simple means as applying a sterile dressing to a newly received and treated wound, and the faster you do all this, the sooner you will forget about the wound, and avoid complications and encounters. with the surgeon.