Diagnostics and treatment of teeth under a microscope

December 25, 2021

A microscope in dentistry is an indispensable assistant to a doctor. It increases the working field 20 – 25 times, which allows you to see extremely small objects inaccessible to the human eye, but very important for treatment. At the same time, the device does not give the patient any uncomfortable sensations, as it is installed at a distance of 20 – 30 cm above the level of the face.

Why does a doctor need a dental microscope?

Each tooth consists of enamel, dentin, pulp and a complex of periodontal tissues. The complex anatomical structure and small size of the teeth create some difficulties in treatment. The use of a microscope in the practice of a dentist opens up new possibilities. It allows you to better see the unique features of the structure of the teeth and surrounding tissues. Such detailing plays an important role in the treatment of pulpitis and cysts in the area of ​​the apex of the teeth. For example, the size of the tooth cavity, in which the nerve is located, is up to 2 mm, and the diameter of the root canal is even smaller – 0.3-0.9 mm. Good illumination and a large increase in the working field promotes optimal visualization of such small values ​​and allows more accurate control of the treatment process at all its stages.

When is the use of a microscope necessary?

Dental microscopy is used at almost all stages of diagnosis and treatment of teeth in surgery, orthopedics, endodontics, and therapy.

The use of a microscope increases the accuracy of caries diagnostics, allows you to see with the naked eye all the details inside the dental canals, and jewelry to carry out minimally invasive endodontic and tooth-preserving operations, as well as eliminate complex granulomas and cysts.

If earlier a dentist drilled a tooth by eye, now a detailed visualization of structures allows you to accurately assess the volume of carious lesions and reduce the area of ​​the future filling several times.

The dental microscope can also be used for:

Treatment of pulpitis, periodontitis, removal of instruments from root canals.
Treatment of periodontal diseases https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Periodontal_disease.
Caries treatment, aesthetic composite restorations.
Surgical operations to increase bone and soft tissue.
Orthopedic preparation for fixing veneers, crowns.
Despite the wide range of procedures available for microscope applications, magnification in dentistry is only required in certain cases. Therefore, the final decision on the use of the microscope is made by the dentist at the stage of diagnosis and treatment plan.